Signs of Reactive Attachment Disorder (R.A.D.)
Birth to 1 year
- Failure to respond with recognition to face of primary caretaker in the first six months.
- Infrequent vocalizations – babbling, crying.
- Resistant to physical contact or appears stressed by it – rigid and unyielding.
- Delayed milestones – creeping, crawling, sitting.
Ages 1 to 5
- Excessively clingy and whiny.
- Persistent, frequent tantrums, sometimes escalating, apparently beyond child’s control.
- Unable to occupy self in a positive way without involving others.
- Intolerant of separation from primary caretakers except on child’s terms.
- Indiscriminate display of affection, sometimes to strangers.
- Problems of speech development or motor coordination – considered accident prone.
- Hyperactivity evident.
- Feeding problems.
Ages 5 to 14
- Lack of eye contact with others while talking with them.
- Indiscriminately affectionate with strangers or asks to go home with them.
- Refuses affection, pushes parents away unless the child is in control of how and when affection is received.
- Destructive to self, others and material things – seems to enjoy hurting others.
- Cruelty to animals.
- Stealing – steals in ways that almost guarantees getting caught.
- Lying about obvious. Lies when it is just as easy to tell the truth.
- No impulse control. Extremely defiant and angry.
- Learning lags. Underachieves in school.
- Lack of cause and effect thinking. Surprised when others are upset by his or her actions.
- Poor peer relationships.
- Preoccupation with fire or gore.
- Sexual acting out – may act sexually provocative with peers or adults.
- By five, may be manipulative, devious, destructive, hurtful to pets, frequently lying.